Google is an amazing place to find resources about front-end development, the problem is, what do I need to learn?
Here’s a full Frontend developer Roadmap, with 15+ FREE resources, to kickstart your career and start monetizing your development skills.
We won’t go through backend development in this article, but you can read The Ultimate Roadmap to Backend development here.
Ready? Let’s start with the fundamentals of Computer Science.
1. There’s No Front End Without Fundamentals
Learning what a function is, how your code is interpreted, and how data is handled, will tremendously speed up your understanding of programming languages while building the basics of your web development journey.
To start, I suggest you take a look at:
Fundamentals of Computer Science, a Free course published by Harvard itself.
2. Before Front-End: Learn How the Web Works
It’s key for a Front-end developer to understand what HTTP or DNS means, what is a Cookie, or how a browser is able to display a website on a screen.
You’ll have to communicate with APIs, handle, send and receive data: better be prepared.
3. Front-end Developer Roadmap – Learn HTML and CSS
Everything started with HTML, then someone thought of making things “cool” and created CSS.
Learn how to create your first web page with HTML and how to style elements, giving them the look you like, using CSS.
A 300+ hours free course by freecodecamp.com, the best place to kickstart your front-end developer career in 2022.
4. Develop a Portfolio to Showcase your Frontend Projects.
To retain notions you need to practice, and you can practice by developing stuff. Better if this “stuff” serves you towards your goal of becoming a successful front-end developer.
When you contact a potential customer, or when someone contacts you for a job, the first thing you’ll be asked for is your portfolio where your best projects are showcased.
Just by knowing the fundamentals of HTML and CSS, you’ll be able to move your first steps towards the creation of your portfolio, setting up the main visual architecture and brand identity.
Once created, you’ll need a place to store your code, and you will realize soon that your local harddrive is not the best place. Programmers and companies, usually use a thing called GIT. Sounds familiar? Let’s see what this is.
5. Do Not Lose Your Work — Learn Git.
Knowing version control is not optional.
There is a myriad of version control systems out there, like:
What is common to all of them, is GIT:
A free and open-source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.
Simply put, GIT alone is a local history of file changes in a folder, that will help you:
- Keep track of your code.
- Back up your code.
- Avoid disastrous consequences due to unwanted changes.
- Collaborate with teammates and other people, seamlessly.
- A form,
- Twitter’s feed.
Learning it in 2022 is one of the best investments you can make as a web developer, as it opens thousands of job opportunities as a front-end developer.
Of course, you need to provide your Users with the best and most fluid experience possible. To do so, you need to optimize your code.
7. Optimize Your Code: Learn Algorithms and Data Structures
Being a good developer means a lot of things: one of those is knowing your tools.
Having a good understanding of algorithms and data structures, understanding the differences between a list, a queue, and a stack, knowing how a sorting algorithm works, is key to write more optimized and cleaner code.
Great! Now that you’re moving your first steps towards becoming a front-end developer, it’s time to learn how to communicate with the external world, using HTTP and APIs.
8. Connect Your Front-End — Learn about APIs
As a front-end developer, you will have to find a way to communicate with the guys in the backend room, to exchange data or verify a user.
To do so, you’ll probably use some APIs and HTTP, but what is an API, how do I send and receive data from it?
9. To learn Front-End development You Need to Make Front-Ends
As said before: learn by doing is key.
Try to create:
- A To-do application,
- Signup form,
- Pricing component,
- Landing page.
How do I choose the right front-end project to develop?
It really depends on your goals:
Do you want to develop web apps? Develop a Netflix clone.
Do you want to develop SaaS? Develop a subscription-based tool.
Do you want to develop landing pages? Create a landing page. Be relevant.
Choose your framework based on your preferences and your country’s demand.
11. Learn: React Frontend Development
React is an amazing open-source framework that makes it painless to create interactive UIs. Released by Facebook in 2013, has become highly popular because of its simplicity and flexibility.
React is powering more than 100k websites
12. Learn: Vue.js Frontend Development
Vue (pronounced /vjuː/, like view) is a progressive framework for building user interfaces.
13. Learn: Svelte Frontend Development
Svelte has a new approach to building user interfaces.
Whereas frameworks like React and Vue do the bulk of their work in the browser, Svelte shifts that work into a compile step that happens when you build your app.
14. Improve Your Front End Styling Workflow
Learn a CSS preprocessor.
A CSS preprocessor is a program that lets you generate CSS from the preprocessor’s own unique syntax. There are many CSS preprocessors to choose from, however, all of them will add some features that don’t exist in pure CSS, such as:
- Nesting selector
- Inheritance selector, and so on.
Sass is considered to be the best CSS Preprocessor for front-end development.
15. Learn Sass to Style your Front-End
CSS with superpowers.
Sass is the acronym for “Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets”. Sass is not only the most popular CSS Preprocessor in the world but also one of the oldest, launched in 2006 by Hampton Catlin and later developed by Natalie Weizenbaum.
Becoming a front-end developer in 2021 and entering the IT world, it’s the best investment you can make.
Remember that a self-made project is worth tens of projects made by following a tutorial. In this roadmap, I’ve listed the best free resources I’ve found while learning Front-end development.
Showcase your project appropriately in your portfolio, this will be the first thing your customers will look at!